The globalization processes conduce to the blurring of boundaries between countries and regions. The modern life let us feel ourselves the world citizens, according to the concept of global citizenship. Tourists from different continents travel around the world, desiring to see the unique examples of architectural masterpieces.
One of the most famous and beautiful architectural monuments that attract people from all over the world is Taj Mahal. This fabulous mausoleum, which was built in the 17th century, rightly considered as the greatest example of the Mughal architectural style. Its marble dome, tilted minarets and majestic tombs have become an object of admiration for millions of people.
Maybe, the most astonishing thing about Taj Mahal is that this architectural complex possesses two optical illusions: spatial and color. The color illusion of Taj Mahal is determined by the features of marble that is the main material of the mausoleum. Peculiarly reflecting a light, it seems to be white in the daytime, pink at dawn and silvery at moonlight night. The spatial illusions also delight tourists. An entrance to the whole complex, an arch, is built in a mysterious way. While entering this arch, a person will be surely shocked by the impression that Taj Mahal is moving away from him. On the contrary, there is an opposite impression on the way back. It seems that the mausoleum is approaching, so it is impossible to get away from this enchanted place. Another optical illusion is connected with the minarets. It is obvious for all the tourists that these compositions are straight; nonetheless, actually, the minarets were titled away from the mausoleum in order not to smash it during the hypothetical earthquake.
Taj Mahal is certainly one of the most glorious masterpieces of the human heritage. Its value for India and for all the world is confirmed by the fact that planes are not allowed to fly under the mausoleum. But an extreme attractiveness for tourists is reasoned not only by the magnificent pulchritude of Taj Mahal. People also adore the unique love story that gives the mausoleum glamour. They say that Taj Mahal was built as a symbol of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan’s love for his third wife, Mumtaz Mahak. This kind of an expression of romantic love is absolutely indistinctive for the Islamic culture.
So, Taj Mahal really is one of the most beautiful and significant architectural monuments in the world. Its uniqueness might be reasoned by the combination of different architectural styles that were used: Islamic, Persian and Indian. Another amazing characteristic of Taj Mahal is its optical illusions, both spatial and color. And all these marvelous features only strengthen by the romantic areole that is created by the history of the building of the mausoleum.
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